In China, tea is traditionally classified into six categories: white, green, yellow, oolong, black, and post-fermented. Each type of tea has its own unique characteristics and flavors.
The Six Chinese Tea Types
White tea is made from the buds and young leaves of the tea plant. It has a delicate, slightly sweet flavor and is low in caffeine. White tea is believed to have antioxidant and anti-aging properties.
Green tea is made from leaves that have been steamed or pan-fired to prevent oxidation. It has a fresh, grassy flavor and is high in antioxidants. Green tea is thought to have many health benefits, including improving mental alertness and lowering the risk of heart disease and some types of cancer.
Yellow tea is made in a similar way to green tea, but with an extra step called “sealing yellow” that gives it a unique flavor and aroma. It is not as well-known as green or white tea, but is prized by connoisseurs for its delicate flavor.
Oolong tea is made from leaves that are partially oxidized, giving it a flavor that is somewhere between green and black tea. Oolong tea is known for its complexity and is often aged to develop more nuanced flavors. It is believed to have weight loss and heart health benefits.
Black tea is made from leaves that are fully oxidized, giving it a strong, bold flavor. It is the most common type of tea in the Western world and is often consumed with milk and sugar. Black tea is high in caffeine and is thought to have benefits for heart health and mental alertness.
Post-fermented tea, also known as “dark tea” or “heicha”, is made from leaves that are allowed to undergo a process of controlled fermentation before being dried. This gives the tea a distinctive earthy flavor and aroma. Post-fermented tea is said to have numerous health benefits, including aiding digestion and improving circulation.
Which type of tea is most popular in china?
In terms of tea consumption, green tea is among the most widely consumed types of tea in China. Green tea is especially popular in southern China, while black tea is more popular in northern China. Oolong tea is also widely consumed and is particularly popular in the southern province of Fujian.
Tea drinking in China is a deeply ingrained part of the culture and is enjoyed by people of all ages and walks of life. Each type of tea has its own unique flavor and characteristics, and there is a type of tea to suit every taste and occasion.